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Thursday, April 28, 2011

"Whaddaya mean it's not a tax?"

During Tuesday night's Sewer District rate information public meeting in Cleveland, Alexandra was in the audience posting her comments on Twitter and directed one tweet at our @neorsd account after our speaker clarified that sewer rates are fees, not taxes: "WHADDAYA MEAN IT'S NOT A TAX?"

The terms tax and fee are often confused or used interchangeably, but there is a difference.

Blogger David Alpert posted a fine clarification of his own in 2009, and it applies similarly to the District's sewer rates:
What's the difference? A tax takes a cut of some other transaction for the purposes of raising revenue that's not connected to the activity being taxed. A fee, on the other hand, is a charge connected to the actual direct governmental cost of the activity. For example, the sales tax doesn't just recoup the city's direct expenses that result from having sales take place. Revenue from the property tax funds a variety of programs, not just services to property owners. But if property owners paid a direct charge that went to trash collection from their property, we could call that a fee.

The District's sewer rates are a fee rather than a tax because they are charged for the actual cost of service to our customers: operation and maintenance of the Sewer District's facilities and assets to provide wastewater and stormwater management.

In the end to many customers, bills are bills, and we understand that calling them "higher taxes" or "higher fees" doesn't change that bottom line. But when it comes to context and consistency, the difference matters.


  1. Great explanation, thank you for clearing that up for us. You might have to keep this one on the Blog for future reference ;)

  2. Am I correct in assuming that in relation to the culverting, channelizing and manipulation of our watersheds it was taxes that did the damage that we will now pay a fee to correct? The need for tax revenues for cost of community services drove all this development in the first place, no? Our tax dollars have supported building and paving historically, no? If we now have a fee to address the potential devastation of our water (a human right) and it's connected to an agency that addresses that issue, it's a fee. I believe the confusion comes when the fee is unvoted, imposed. I am more annoyed at the medmart imposed tax and the imposed tax abatements and TIFs than I am with this fee. I do wish, however, that municipal governments would work in concert with and cooperatively with the agency to find more low cost alternatives for their citizens. We still aren't getting the low hanging fruit, folks. We're hindered by old codes and ordinances in municipalities.


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